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The most important events of the past weeks are highlighted in the latest EIT Newsletter I wish to subscibe
2010 was the KICs' kick-off year: the EIT's three Knowledge and Innovation Communities (Climate-KIC, EIT ICT Labs and KIC InnoEnergy) took shape as organisations led by an independent management team and each defined their legal structure. In parallel, the EIT Headquarters were set up and developed in Budapest, the location chosen as the seat of the EIT by the European Council.
A Nordic Centre of Excellence funded by NordForsk will build an interdisciplinary research environment to provide new thinking about sustainable development, especially in the context of Arctic mining. The new centre is led by KTH Royal Institute of Technology in collaboration with Stockholm University and Stockholm Environment Institute.
Having a small brain may provide immune benefits, at least if you are a guppy. A new study published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society shows that guppies with smaller brains have stronger immune responses than guppies with larger brains.
According to a new study in Nature, the Northern Hemisphere has experienced considerably larger variations in precipitation during the past twelve centuries than in the twentieth century. Researchers from Sweden, Germany, and Switzerland have found that climate models overestimated the increase in wet and dry extremes as temperatures increased during the twentieth century. The new results will enable us to improve the accuracy of climate models and to better predict future precipitation changes.
A new study presents evidence that the rise of atmospheric oxygenation did indeed occur 2.4–2.1 billion years ago. It also shows that biological usage of copper became prominent after the so called “Great Oxidation Event”. An international team of researchers has recently published the study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
Researches at Stockholm University are getting closer to corner light dark-matter particle models. Observations can rule out some axion-like particles in the quest for the content of dark matter. The article is now published in the Physical Review Letters.
Following the devastating droughts in the 70s and 80s in the Sahel region south of the Sahara desert, vegetation has now recovered. What surprises the researchers is that although it is now raining more and has become greener, it is particularly the more drought resistant species that thrive instead of the tree and shrub vegetation that has long been characteristic of the area. This is shown in a study from Stockholm University published in the journal Land Use Policy.
The Arctic Resilience Report, published today, is the first comprehensive assessment of ecosystems and societies in the region. It identifies 19 “tipping points” in natural systems that could radically reshape the Arctic in the coming century, and calls for urgent cooperation to build local communities’ resilience and capacity to adapt to rapid and widespread change.
Deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamine) in wildlife was previously described as a problem among certain species within relatively limited geographical areas. Now, researchers at ACES, together with colleagues from several other research institutions in Europe and North America, show that thiamine deficiency is far more widespread than previously thought. The results are published in the journal Scientific Reports.